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Combined Safety and Security Risk Evaluation Considering Safety and Security-Type Initiating Events

Destruction to critical nuclear infrastructures would have a debilitating effect on national public health safety, national economy, security, etc. For this reason, analysts perform safety risk analyses to quantify and understand the nature of unwanted events. Since the world has gone through many changes after the terrorist attacks of 9/11, nuclear security risk analysis became a necessity. So far, the safety and security risk analyses were done separately without a combined analyses and evaluation. This research thesis contains three major analysis sections that provides security, safety, and combined safety-security risk analysis that studied and analyzed possible accident scenarios.

This research starts with the security pathway analysis, which eventually calculated the initiating event frequency of a successful adversary attack and estimated the security risk value. The safety analysis represented a series of natural (random) safety systems failure events. On the other hand, the safety-security analysis considered a security initiating event followed by safety systems failure. Fault and event trees were formed using the SAPHIRE software and used for the description of failure scenarios.

The main outcome of this research is a methodology development to perform combined safety-security initiating event analysis to compute the joint top event system failure frequency. Along with the calculation of the systems' failure frequency, estimation of the public risk associated for sample failure scenarios, and the determination of how security initiating events in a series of safety events failure affect the total risk value was also carried out.


  1. M.A. Hawila and S. Chirayath, "Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System Failure Considering Safety and Security Initiating Events," ANS Winter Meeting & Expo, Las Vegas, NV, 06-10 November 2016.
  2. S. Chirayath and M.A. Hawila, "Methodology for Combined Nuclear Security and Safety Risk Analysis," 57th Annual Meeting of the Institute for Nuclear Materials Management (INMM), Atlanta, Georgia, 24-28 July 2016.


Theses/Dissertations Produced:

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